Near surface pH measurements in aqueous CO2 corrosion

Electrochimica Acta(2018)

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Corrosion of carbon steels in a carbon dioxide (CO2) corrosive environment is an important issue and in some cases the steel surface can be covered by a protective corrosion product film. Research has shown that under certain conditions, once a truly protective film has precipitated on the steel surface, the corrosion rate can decrease by an order of magnitude. Over many years, both quantitative and qualitative research has been carried out to further understand the initiation and growth of the protective film. However, a main limitation is in the correlation of film properties with bulk solution conditions. Research has shown that serious errors in predicting/reasoning can be made by operating with bulk instead of surface water chemistry conditions. This paper uses a pH sensor design to be used for real time surface pH measurement. The study shows a simultaneous electrochemical and surface pH analysis at two varying conditions of pH (pH 6 and pH 6.6) where a characteristic difference in the morphology and hence protectiveness of a corrosion product film is anticipated.
CO2 corrosion,Surface pH probe,FeCO3 precipitation,Electrochemistry,Iron mesh
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