Mathematical model for coal conversion in supercritical water: reacting multiphase flow with conjugate heat transfer

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy(2019)

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Providing heat for supercritical water gasification (SCWG) of coal by coupling subsequent products oxidation in integrated supercritical water reactor (ISWR) provides an effective method for directional control of temperature field and avoids excessive hot spots caused by uniform heating. An exploratory numerical model incorporating particle-fluid flow dynamics, multispecies transport and thermal coupling between endothermic coal gasification and exothermic product oxidation was established to simulate the reacting multiphase flow process of coal conversion in a novel lab-scale ISWR. An eleven-lump kinetic model was proposed for the prediction of chemical reactions. And the thermal coupling relationship was described by conjugate heat transfer boundary conditions (BC). Detailed physical and chemical field distribution in ISWR were analyzed and influence factors were discussed. The results showed that oxidation of gas products as inner heat source could promote the gasification reaction with only slight or even little maximum temperature increase of the pressure-bearing wall. Coal feeding rate and oxygen supply method significantly affected the field distribution. The multi-injection compressed-air supply method provided a more uniform temperature field but would reduce heat transfer temperature difference. The carbon gasification efficiency (CGE) in the gasification zone could easily reach up to 97% under mild conditions (less than 650 °C).
Coal conversion,Integrated supercritical water reactor,Reacting multiphase flow,Conjugate heat transfer
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