Asymptotic Stability of Shock Profiles and Rarefaction Waves under Periodic Perturbations for 1-D Convex Scalar Viscous Conservation Laws

INDIANA UNIVERSITY MATHEMATICS JOURNAL(2021)

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摘要
This paper studies the asymptotic stability of shock profiles and rarefaction waves under space-periodic perturbations for one-dimensional convex scalar viscous conservation laws. For the shock profile, we show that the solution approaches the background shock profile with a constant shift in the L-infinity (R) norm at exponential rates. The new phenomena contrasting to the case of localized perturbations is that the constant shift cannot be determined by the initial excessive mass in general, which indicates that the periodic oscillations at infinities make contributions to this shift. And the vanishing viscosity limit for the shift is also shown. The key elements of the proof consist of the construction of an ansatz which carries periodic oscillations of the solution as vertical bar X vertical bar -> +infinity, the anti-derivative variable argument, and an elaborate use of the maximum principle. For the rarefaction wave, we also show the stability in the L-infinity (R) norm.
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