Illusion of Causality in Visualized Data
IEEE transactions on visualization and computer graphics, pp. 853-862, 2020.
Students who eat breakfast more frequently tend to have a higher grade point average. From this data, many people might confidently state that a before-school breakfast program would lead to higher grades. This is a reasoning error, because correlation does not necessarily indicate causation – X and Y can be correlated without one directl...More
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