Butt Laser Welding–Brazing of AZ31 Mg to Nickel-Coated Ti-6Al-4V

Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance(2019)

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摘要
Mg and Ti alloy are hard to be bonded due to their huge discrepancy in physical and metallurgical characteristics. As an intermediate element, Ni is feasible for joining of Mg and Ti. The interfacial microstructure and mechanical properties of laser-welded–brazed AZ31 Mg/Ti-6Al-4V joints in butt configuration were investigated with different thicknesses of electrodeposited Ni interlayer. The interfacial reaction products evolved from an ultra-thin Ti 3 Al layer to Ti 2 Ni layer mingled with Ti 3 Al, and more Mg 3 AlNi 2 compounds were produced in the fusion zone (FZ) as Ni coating thickness increased. Slag inclusions and cracks were observed in interfacial layer when coating thickness exceeded 2.5 μm. The quantity of Mg 3 AlNi 2 and the thickness of interfacial layer decreased from the top to bottom of groove of the same joint owing to high thermal gradient during laser welding. The chemical potential of Al and Ni indicated that Al-Ti reaction product was produced more easily than Ni-Ti in 0.001Mg-(Ni-Al-Ti) system. The thermodynamic calculation results of Gibbs free energy suggested the preferential formation Ti-Al phase and Ti-Ni phase along the interface while the Mg-Al-Ni ternary phase in the FZ. Fracture loads of joints increased first followed by a decline with the increase in coating thickness. The joint fractured at the Mg base metal, reaching a maximum value of 3900 N with the Ni coating thickness of 1.5 μm. In the case of using thinner or thicker Ni coating, crack propagated along the interface due to the insufficient metallurgical bonding or defects existed in the interfacial layer. The characteristic of fracture surface changed from the tear ridges and terraces to river pattern when interfacial failure occurred.
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关键词
laser welding–brazing, magnesium alloy, microstructure, Ni coating thickness, titanium alloy
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