Moraxella keratitis: epidemiology and outcomes

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY & INFECTIOUS DISEASES(2020)

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摘要
We aimed to assess the prevalence, risk factors, and visual outcome of Moraxella keratitis. We retrospectively reviewed the medical charts of patients diagnosed with Moraxella spp. keratitis at the Quinze-Vingts National Ophthalmology Hospital, Paris, France, between January 2016 and December 2018. Definitive microbiological identification was performed on archival strains using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight coupled to mass spectrometry. One hundred one culture-proven cases of Moraxella keratitis were identified. The most common isolates were Moraxella lacunata (50%) and Moraxella nonliquefasciens (38%). Systemic predisposing factors, principally diabetes mellitus (13%) were identified in 28% of patients, and 87% of patients had ocular surface conditions, including blepharitis (25%), prior ocular surgery (21%), glaucoma (17%), exposure keratopathy (16%), and trauma (16%). Severely affected inpatients were treated empirically with fortified antibiotics including vancomycin, piperacillin, and gentamicin. The presence of hypopyon and being over the age of 60 years were associated with a poorer final visual acuity ( p < 0.05). Adjuvant treatment, mostly amniotic membrane transplantation, was required for 31 eyes. The prognostic factors significantly associated with the need for adjuvant treatment were a larger infiltrate and hypoesthesia. The clinical features including ulcer healing, treatment duration, and infiltrate size were not different between Moraxella species. Keratitis caused by Moraxella spp. are rare in France but may threaten sight. The early identification of patients with a poor ocular surface, particularly those with neurotrophic keratopathy and anesthetic cornea, is crucial to prevent delayed healing of ulcers and the need for adjuvant treatment.
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关键词
Cornea,Moraxella,Keratitis,Blepharitis,Neurotrophic keratopathy
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