Sevoflurane-Induced Cognitive Decline In Aged Mice: Involvement Of Toll-Like Receptors 4


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Toll-like receptors 4 (TLR4) contributes to the pathogenesis of some neurodegenerative diseases. However, little is known about whether TLR4 is associated with sevoflurane-induced cognitive decline. This investigation aims to address the effect of global TLR4 gene knockout on cognitive decline following sevoflurane exposure to mice. Wild-type and TLR4(-/-) mice were exposed to 3% sevoflurane. Novel object recognition test and Y-maze test were used to analyze cognitive function. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in plasma and hippocampus were measured by ELISA. Peripheral administration of recombinant TNF-alpha to TLR4(-/-) mice was used to observed the role of TNF-alpha in cognitive function following sevoflurane. Our results showed that, in contrast to wild-type mice, TLR4 deficiency protected against the cognitive function impairment following sevoflurane exposure, and abrogated IL-1 beta, IL-6 and TNF-alpha response to sevoflurane in the system and the hippocampus. Subcutaneous administration of recombinant TNF-alpha elevated these cytokine levels in the hippocampus, and resulted in cognitive decline in TLR4(-/-) mice exposed to sevoflurane. Taken together, our results identify the crucial role of TLR4 in sevoflurane-induced cognitive decline, and showed that TLR4 mediated pro-inflammatory cytokine response to sevoflurane, and consequent cognitive decline in aged mice exposed to sevoflurane, and imply a novel target for improvement and therapy of sevoflurane-associated cognitive decline.
Toll-like receptors 4, Sevoflurane, Cognitive decline, Pro-inflammatory cytokines
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