Refined Metadynamics Through Canonical Sampling Using Time-Invariant Bias Potential: A Study Of Polyalcohol Dehydration In Hot Acidic Solutions

JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL CHEMISTRY(2021)

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摘要
We propose a canonical sampling method to refine metadynamics simulations a posteriori, where the hills obtained from metadynamics are used as a time-invariant bias potential. In this way, the statistical error in the computed reaction barriers is reduced by an efficient sampling of the collective variable space at the free energy level of interest. This simple approach could be useful particularly when two or more free energy barriers are to be compared among chemical reactions in different or competing conditions. The method was then applied to study the acid dependence of polyalcohol dehydration reactions in high-temperature aqueous solutions. It was found that the reaction proceeds consistently via an S(N)2 mechanism, whereby the free energy of protonation of the hydroxyl group created as an intermediate is affected significantly by the acidic species. Although demonstration is shown for a specific problem, the computational method suggested herein could be generally used for simulations of complex reactions in the condensed phase.
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关键词
bias sampling, density functional tight binding, high&#8208, temperature water, polyalcohol dehydration, refined metadynamics
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