A Kriging-NARX Model for Uncertainty Quantification of Nonlinear Stochastic Dynamical Systems in Time Domain


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A novel approach, referred to as sparse Kriging-NARX (KNARX), is proposed for the uncertainty quantification of nonlinear stochastic dynamical systems. It combines the nonlinear autoregressive with exogenous (NARX) input model with the high fidelity surrogate model Kriging. The sparsity in the proposed approach is introduced in the NARX model by reducing the number of polynomial bases using the least-angle regression (LARS) algorithm. Sparse KNARX captures the nonlinearity of a problem by the NARX model, whereas the uncertain parameters are propagated using the Kriging surrogate model, and LARS makes the model efficient. The accuracy and the efficiency of the sparse KNARX was measured through uncertainty quantification applied to three nonlinear stochastic dynamical systems. The time-dependent mean and standard deviation were predicted for all the numerical examples. Instantaneous stochastic response characteristics and maximum absolute response were also predicted. All the results were compared with the full scale Monte Carlo simulation (MCS) results and a mean error was calculated for all the numerical problems to measure the accuracy. All the results had excellent agreement with the MCS results at a very limited computational cost. The efficiency of the sparse KNARX also was measured by the CPU time and the required number of surrogate model evaluations. In all instances, sparse KNARX outperformed other state-of-the-art methods, which justifies the applicability of this model for nonlinear stochastic dynamical systems.
NARX model,Kriging,Nonlinear stochastic dynamical system,Least-angle regression (LARS),Uncertainty quantification
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