Same/Different In Visual Reasoning

CURRENT OPINION IN BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES(2021)

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摘要
Visual reasoning tasks involving comparison provide interesting insights into how people make similarity and difference judgments. This review summarizes work that provides evidence that the same structure-mapping comparison processes that appear to be used elsewhere in cognition can also be used to model comparison in human visual reasoning tasks. These models rely on qualitative representations, which provide symbolic descriptions of continuous properties, an important kind of relational representation. Cognitive simulations of multiple human visual reasoning tasks, using the same model of high-level vision to compute relational representations, achieve human-like performance, both in terms of accuracy and estimating the relative difficulty of problems.
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