Improved Dielectric And Energy Storage Properties Of Polypropylene By Adding Hybrid Fillers And High-Speed Extrusion

POLYMER(2021)

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摘要
Polypropylene (PP) is the state-of-the-art dielectric material for film capacitor. However, the further progress of PP is impeded by its low permittivity and low energy storage density. Adding high-permittivity (high-k) nano filler into PP matrix to prepare nanocomposites turns out to be a promising approach. Main challenge lies in the decreased electric breakdown strength (E-b) caused by the poor filler dispersion and the contrast between the intrinsic permittivity of high-k filler and low-k polymer matrix, which generated intensified electric field to lead breakdown. Herein, this issue is addressed by the design of a hybrid filler structure, wherein both low-k high-E-b hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) and high-k low-E-b barium titanate (BT) were uniformly incorporated in PP matrix, meanwhile high-speed extrusion technology is applied to improve the filler dispersion. As a result, an obvious increase of permittivity from 2.2 to 2.92 was achieved compared with neat PP, while the E-b of PP/BT/BN was well-maintained at 469 MV/m, bringing an increased energy density of 2.82 J cm(-3). Moreover, the dielectric loss was impressively suppressed to a low value of 0.0012 via mixing of hybrid fillers and improved dispersion.
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关键词
Polypropylene dielectric, Hybrid fillers, High-speed extrusion
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