iSense: Intelligent Object Sensing and Robot Tracking Through Networked Coupled Magnetic Resonant Coils

IEEE Internet of Things Journal(2021)

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摘要
Object sensing and tracking using electric and magnetic fields allow intelligent interaction, automation, and adaptation in cyber–physical systems. Our approach, called iSense, uses a software-defined collaborative sensing technique for the detection of the type of object when placed on a large surface and tracking its mobility. iSense is cost effective, low power, and scalable, which allows its use over large surfaces. First, we introduce a dual-coil magnetic resonant sensing architecture based on nested coils, i.e., passive (outer) and active (inner) coils, for low-power contactless sensing. Second, a data-driven support vector machine-based approach helps to classify different types of objects using the voltage readings obtained at the passive coil. iSense combines sensed voltage information from multiple different coils spread over the surface with a group-based interference mitigation mechanism between coils for collaborative sensing. We validate our system with real-time prototype and experimental evaluations. We demonstrate the detection of seven different types of objects over three different materials, and real-time detection and tracking of mobile objects including a robot car. Experimental results show that each sensing coil only consumes few milliwatts, i.e., $18\times $ less than inductive sensing and $15\times $ less than classical magnetic resonance sensing, extend sensing depth to 3 cm, and enable tracking on the large surface sensing with more than 90% accuracy for velocity estimation.
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关键词
Coils,Sensors,Robot sensing systems,Magnetic resonance,Voltage measurement,Receivers,Magnetic circuits
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