Structure-Based Optimization of 3-Phenyl-N-(2-(3-phenylureido)ethyl)thiophene-2-sulfonamide Derivatives as Selective Mcl-1 Inhibitors.

JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY(2021)

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摘要
Selective Mcl-1 inhibitors may overcome the drug resistance caused by current anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein inhibitors in tumors with Mcl-1 overexpression. Based on previously discovered compounds with a 3-phenylthiophene-2-sulfonamide core moiety, in this work, we have obtained new compounds with improved binding affinity and/or selectivity under the guidance of structure-based design. The most potent compounds achieved sub-micromolar binding affinities to Mcl-1 (Ki ∼ 0.4 μM) and good cytotoxicity (IC50 < 10 μM) on several tumor cells. 15N-heteronuclear single-quantum coherence NMR spectra suggested that these compounds bound to the BH3-binding groove on Mcl-1. Several cellular assays revealed that FWJ-D4 as well as its precursor FWJ-D5 effectively induced caspase-dependent apoptosis, and their target engagement at Mcl-1 was confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation experiments. Treatment with FWJ-D5 at 50 mg/kg every 2 days on an RS4;11 xenograft mouse model for 22 days led to 75% reduction in tumor volume without body weight loss.
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