An Improved Stacked Autoencoder for Metabolomic Data Classification


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AbstractNaru3 (NR) is a traditional Mongolian medicine with high clinical efficacy and low incidence of side effects. Metabolomics is an approach that can facilitate the development of traditional drugs. However, metabolomic data have a high throughput, sparse, high-dimensional, and small sample nature, and their classification is challenging. Although deep learning methods have a wide range of applications, deep learning-based metabolomic studies have not been widely performed. We aimed to develop an improved stacked autoencoder (SAE) for metabolomic data classification. We established an NR-treated rheumatoid arthritis (RA) mouse model and classified the obtained metabolomic data using the Hessian-free SAE (HF-SAE) algorithm. During training, the unlabeled data were used for pretraining, and the labeled data were used for fine-tuning based on the HF algorithm for gradient descent optimization. The hybrid algorithm successfully classified the data. The results were compared with those of the support vector machine (SVM), k-nearest neighbor (KNN), and gradient descent SAE (GD-SAE) algorithms. A five-fold cross-validation was used to complete the classification experiment. In each fine-tuning process, the mean square error (MSE) and misclassification rates of the training and test data were recorded. We successfully established an NR animal model and an improved SAE for metabolomic data classification.
metabolomic data classification,improved stacked autoencoder
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