The EMA assessment of encorafenib in combination with cetuximab for the treatment of adult patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma harbouring the BRAFV600E mutation who have received prior therapy

A. Trullas,J. Delgado, J. Koenig, U. Fuerstenau, J. Dedorath, S. Hausmann, T. Stock,H. Enzmann,F. Pignatti

ESMO Open(2021)

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On 2 June 2020, a marketing authorisation valid through the European Union (EU) was issued for encorafenib in combination with cetuximab in adult patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma (mCRC) with the BRAFV600E mutation who had received prior systemic therapy. Encorafenib plus cetuximab was evaluated in a randomised phase III trial of encorafenib plus binimetinib plus cetuximab versus encorafenib plus cetuximab versus cetuximab plus irinotecan or FOLFIRI (control arm) to adult patients with BRAFV600E mCRC who had received prior therapy for metastatic disease. The median overall survival was 9.3 months [95% confidence interval (CI): 8.05-11.30] versus 5.88 months (95% CI: 5.09-7.10) for encorafenib plus cetuximab (doublet) versus the control arm, respectively [hazard ratio (HR) 0.61, 95% CI: 0.48-0.77]. Progression-free survival (PFS) was 4.27 months (95% CI: 4.07-5.45) versus 1.54 months (95% CI: 1.48-1.91) (HR 0.44; 95% CI: 0.35-0.55). The most frequent adverse events in patients receiving encorafenib plus cetuximab were fatigue, nausea, diarrhoea, acneiform dermatitis, abdominal pain, arthralgia, decreased appetite, vomiting and rash. The aim of this manuscript is to summarise the scientific review of the application leading to regulatory approval in the EU.
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