Selective Conversion Of Nitrate To Nitrogen Gas By Enhanced Electrochemical Process Assisted By Reductive Fe(Ii)-Fe(Iii) Hydroxides At Cathode Surface

APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL(2021)

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摘要
A selective electrocatalytic system for the exhaustive conversion of inorganic nitrogen to nitrogen gas (N-2) is developed, whereby the total nitrogen (TN) removal and N-2 selectivity achieve 96.8 % and 99.6 % in 120 min, respectively. Cyclic voltammetry reveals the feasibility of electrooxidative chlorination of NH4+ compared to direct anodic oxidation. The TN removal is ranging from 96.2% to 99.7% under various inorganic nitrogen ratios. Green rust (GR) of mixed Fe(II)-Fe(III) hydroxides is identified at cathode surface by in-situ Raman analysis, donating electrons to NO3-. Direct electron reduction, indirect atomic H* reduction, and GR induced reduction are integrated for the rapid NO3- conversion at cathode interface. Treatment of authentic wastewater of nickel plating in continuous running further demonstrates the superiority and durability of the electrochemical system for both NO3- and TN abatement. The electrochemical system has potential for efficient and stable nitrogen pollutants removal in the high-salinity wastewater.
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关键词
Nitrate reduction, Total nitrogen removal, Nitrogen selectivity, Reductive iron hydroxides, High-salinity wastewater
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