Rare-Earth-Metal-Complex-Catalyzed Hydroalkoxylation and Tandem Hydroalkoxylation/Cyclohydroamination of Isocyanates: Synthesis of Carbamates and Oxazolidinones.


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Novel N,N,N-tridentate β-diketiminato rare-earth-metal dialkyl complexes LRE(CH2SiMe3)2 [RE = Y (1a), Gd (1b), Yb (1c), Lu (1d); L = MeC(NDipp)CHC(Me)N(CH2)2NC4H8, where Dipp = 2,6-iPr2C6H3] have been conveniently synthesized by one step from reactions of the rare-earth-metal trialkyl complexes RE(CH2SiMe3)3(THF)2 (THF = tetrahydrofuran) with a pyrrolidine-functionalized β-diketiminate HL, and their catalytic behaviors toward hydroalkoxylation and tandem hydroalkoxylation/cyclohydroamination of isocyanates have been described. These rare-earth-metal catalysts exhibited high efficiency in the hydroalkoxylation of isocyanates, providing a variety of N-alkyl and N-aryl carbamate derivatives under mild reaction conditions with a rather low catalyst loading (0.04 mol %). More significantly, they can promote a tandem hydroalkoxylation/cyclohydroamination reaction between terminal and internal propargylic alcohols with substituted arylisocyanates, leading to the efficient synthesis of methylene and (Z)-selective arylidene oxazolidinones in good-to-high yields via consecutive C-O and C-N bond formation. The stoichiometric reaction of 1a with p-tolylisocyanate generated an unusual dinuclear yttrium complex, {[η2-(4-MePhNCO)(CH2SiMe3)]Y[μ-η2:η1:η1-(4-MePhNCO)CC(Me)(NDipp)C(Me)N(CH2)2NC4H8]}2 (7a), with two different amidate units, which underwent an sp2 C-H bond activation of the β-diketiminato backbone, followed by the insertion of isocyanate.
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