Doping Compensation Enables High-Detectivity Infrared Organic Photodiodes for Image Sensing


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Infrared organic photodiodes have gained increasing attention due to their great application potentials in night vision, optical communication, and all-weather imaging. However, the commonly occurring high dark current and low detectivity impede infrared photodetectors from portable applications at room temperature. Herein, an efficient and generic doping compensation strategy is developed to improve the detectivity of infrared organic photodiodes. A series of n-type organic semiconductors is investigated, and it is found that doping compensation strategy not only reduces the trap density of states and dark currents, but also restrains the nonradiative recombination with improved charge transport and collection. As a result, an ultralow noise spectral density of 8 x 10(-15) A Hz(-1/2) as well as a high specific detectivity over 10(13) Jones in 780-1070 nm is achieved at room temperature. More importantly, the high-performance infrared organic photodiodes can be successfully applied in high-pixel-density image arrays without patterning sensing layers. These findings provide important compensation design insights that will be crucial to further improve the performance of infrared organic photodiodes in the future.
doping compensation, high detectivity, infrared organic photodiodes, low noise, low trap density
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