Learn Basic Skills and Reuse: Modularized Adaptive Neural Architecture Search (MANAS)

Conference on Information and Knowledge Management(2022)

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摘要
ABSTRACTHuman intelligence is able to first learn some basic skills for solving basic problems and then assemble such basic skills into complex skills for solving complex or new problems. For example, the basic skills "dig hole,'' "put tree,'' "backfill'' and "watering'' compose a complex skill "plant a tree''. Besides, some basic skills can be reused for solving other problems. For example, the basic skill "dig hole'' not only can be used for planting a tree, but also can be used for mining treasures, building a drain, or landfilling. The ability to learn basic skills and reuse them for various tasks is very important for humans because it helps to avoid learning too many skills for solving each individual task, and makes it possible to solve a compositional number of tasks by learning just a few number of basic skills, which saves a considerable amount of memory and computational power in the human brain. We believe that machine intelligence should also capture the ability of learning basic skills and reusing them by composing into complex skills. In computer science language, each basic skill is a "module'', which is a reusable network that has a concrete meaning and performs a concrete basic operation. The modules are assembled into a bigger "model'' for doing a more complex task. The assembling procedure is adaptive to the input or task, i.e., for a given task, the modules should be assembled into the most suitable model for solving the given task. As a result, different inputs/tasks could have different assembled models. In this work, we take recommender system as an example and propose Modularized Adaptive Neural Architecture Search (MANAS) to demonstrate the above idea. Neural Architecture Search (NAS) has shown its power in discovering superior neural architectures. However, existing NAS mostly focus on searching for a global architecture regardless of the specific input, i.e., the architecture is not adaptive to the input. In this work, we borrow the idea from modularized neural logic reasoning and consider three basic logical operation modules: AND, OR, NOT. Meanwhile, making recommendations for each user is considered as a task. MANAS automatically assembles the logical operation modules into a network architecture tailored for the given user. As a result, a personalized neural architecture is assembled for each user to make recommendations for the user, which means that the resulting neural architecture is adaptive to the model's input (i.e., the user's past behaviors). Experiments on different datasets show that the adaptive architecture assembled by MANAS outperforms static global architectures. Further experiments and empirical analysis provide insights to the effectiveness of MANAS. The code is open-source at https://github.com/TalonCB/MANAS.
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关键词
Neural Architecture Search, Modularized Architecture Search, Adaptive Architecture Search, Personalized Architecture Search, Recommender Systems, Neural-Symbolic Learning and Reasoning
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