ESCRT-dependent STING degradation curtails steady-state and cGAMP-induced signaling


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STING is an intracellular sensor of cyclic di-nucleotides involved in response to pathogen- or self-derived DNA that induces protective immunity, or if dysregulated, autoimmunity. STING trafficking is tightly linked to its activity. We aimed to systematically characterize genes regulating STING trafficking and to define their impact on STING responses. Based on proximity-ligation proteomics and genetic screens, an ESCRT complex containing HGS, VPS37A and UBAP1 was found to be required for STING degradation and signaling shutdown. Analogous to phosphorylated STING creating a platform for IRF3 recruitment, oligomerization-driven STING ubiquitination by UBE2N formed a platform for ESCRT recruitment at the endosome, responsible for STING signaling shutdown. A UBAP1 mutant that underlies human spastic paraplegia and disrupts ESCRT function led to STING-dependent type I IFN responses at the steady-state, defining ESCRT as a homeostatic regulator of STING signaling. ### Competing Interest Statement N.H. discloses equity and consulting for Danger Bio and holding equity in BioNTech.
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