MiR-330-5p and miR-1270 target essential components of RNA polymerase I transcription and exhibit a novel tumor suppressor role in lung adenocarcinoma


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Upregulation of RNA polymerase I (Pol I) transcription and the overexpression of Pol I transcriptional machinery are crucial molecular alterations favoring malignant transformation. However, the causal molecular mechanism(s) of this aberration remain largely unknown. Here, we found that Pol I transcription and its core machinery are upregulated in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). We show that the loss of miRNAs (miR)-330-5p and miR-1270 expression contributes to the upregulation of Pol I transcription in LUAD. Constitutive overexpression of these miRs in LUAD cell lines suppressed the expression of core components of Pol I transcription, and reduced global ribosomal RNA synthesis. Importantly, miR-330-5p/miR-1270-mediated repression of Pol I transcription exerted multiple tumor suppressive functions including reduced proliferation, cell cycle arrest, enhanced apoptosis, reduced migration, increased drug sensitivity, and reduced tumor burden in a mouse xenograft model. Mechanistically, the downregulation of miR-330-5p and miR-1270 is regulated by Pol I subunit-derived circular RNA circ_0055467 and DNA hypermethylation, respectively. This study uncovers a novel miR-330-5p/miR-1270 mediated post-transcriptional regulation of Pol I transcription, and establish tumor suppressor properties of these miRs in LUAD. Ultimately, our findings provide a rationale for the therapeutic targeting of Pol I transcriptional machinery for LUAD.
Cancer genetics,Cancer therapy,Biomedicine,general,Gene Therapy,Gene Expression
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