Effects of disinfection with a vinegar-hydrogen peroxide mixture on the surface composition and topography of a cobalt-chromium alloy

Gabriela Silveira Sakis, Myriam Pereira Kapczinski,Sara Fraga,Cristiane Machado Mengatto

The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry(2022)

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STATEMENT OF PROBLEM:Choosing the best disinfection agent for removable partial dentures may be challenging since most commercially available disinfection solutions alter the properties of the metal framework. PURPOSE:The purpose of this in vitro study was to analyze the changes in the surface topography and elemental composition of a cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr) alloy when immersed in a vinegar-hydrogen peroxide mixture. MATERIAL AND METHODS:Disk-shaped specimens (N=50) were fabricated with Co-Cr alloy and randomly distributed into 5 groups (N=10) according to the immersion solutions: distilled water (control) (W); 0.5% sodium hypochlorite (H); 3% hydrogen peroxide and water in a 1:1 ratio (HP); vinegar and water in a 1:1 ratio (V); and vinegar and 3% hydrogen peroxide mixture in a 1:1 ratio (VHP). The immersions simulated 90 uses of 10 minutes each. The surface topography and the elemental composition were analyzed with scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive spectroscopy, before (T0) and after (T1) the immersions. The 2-way ANOVA for repeated measures was used for statistical comparisons (α=.05). RESULTS:The tested mixture (VHP) did not change the metal surface topography or increase the oxygen proportion, indicating that no corrosion occurred. Similarly, groups W, HP, and V had no topographic changes and nonsignificant statistical differences at T1 for elemental composition (P>.05). However, the specimens immersed in sodium hypochlorite (H) showed staining, surface irregularity, composition change, with an appearance of 22.56% more oxygen, 41% less chromium, and 28.77% less cobalt at T1 (P<.05). CONCLUSIONS:The immersion of Co-Cr alloy in a vinegar-hydrogen peroxide mixture did not change the surface structure of the metal.
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