Structural, Spectral, and Magnetic Properties of Praseodymium–Aluminum-Co-doped M-Type Barium Hexaferrites

Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism(2022)

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Praseodymium (Pr)–aluminum (Al)-co-doped M-type barium ferrite with Ba 0.85 Pr 0.15 Fe 12-x Al x O 19 ( x = 0.0–1.0) was prepared by combining solid-phase sintering with high-energy ball milling. The samples were characterized using a thermogravimetric analyzer, X-ray diffractometer, field emission scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and vibrating sample magnetometer. Thermogravimetric analysis indicated that M-type barium ferrite was formed at 1250 °C. X-ray diffraction patterns showed that Al doping did not destroy the crystal structure of barium ferrite. Field emission scanning electron microscopy showed that the samples had a hexagonal crystal structure. The wave numbers of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy in the 597–607 and 452–459 cm −1 bands represent tetrahedral and octahedral clusters, respectively. With the increase in the amount of Al doping ( x ) from 0.0 to 1.0, the saturation magnetization ( M s ) and residual magnetization ( M r ) decreased continuously, and the magnetic anisotropy field ( H a ) and coercivity ( H c ) increased significantly.
Solid-phase sintering,Barium ferrite,High-energy ball mill,Magnetic,Coercive force
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