Biomechanical study of femoral neck system for young patients with nonanatomically reduced femoral neck fractures: a finite element

BMC musculoskeletal disorders(2023)

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摘要
Background A consensus regarding the optimal approach for treating femoral neck fractures is lacking. We aimed to investigate the biomechanical outcomes of Femoral Neck System (FNS) internal fixation components in the treatment of nonanatomically reduced femoral neck fractures. Method We constructed two types of femoral neck fractures of the Pauwels classification with angles of 30° and 50°, and three models of anatomic reduction, positive buttress reduction and negative buttress reduction were constructed. Subgroups of 1 to 4 mm were divided according to the distance of displacement in the positive buttress reduction and negative buttress reduction models. The von Mises stress and displacements of the femur and FNS internal fixation components were measured for each fracture group under 2100-N axial loads. Results When the Pauwels angle was 30°, the positive 1-mm and 2-mm models had lower FNS stress than the negative buttress model. The positive 3- and 4-mm models showed FNS stress similar to that of the negative buttress model. But the four positive buttress models had similar stresses on the femur as the negative buttress model. When the Pauwels angle was 50°, the four positive buttress models had higher FNS stress than the negative buttress model. Three positive buttress models (2 mm, 3 and 4 mm) resulted in lower stress of the femur than the negative buttress model, though the 1-mm model did not. When the Pauwels angle was 30°, the positive buttress model had a lower displacement of the FNS than the negative buttress model and a similar displacement of the femur with the negative buttress model. When the Pauwels angle was 50°, the positive buttress model had a higher displacement of the FNS and femur than the negative buttress model. Our study also showed that the von Mises stress and displacement of the internal fixation and the femur increased as the fracture angle increased. Conclusion From the perspective of biomechanics, when the Pauwels angle was 30°, positive buttress was more stable to negative buttress. However, when the Pauwels angle was 50°, this advantage weakens. In our opinion, the clinical efficacy of FNS internal fixation with positive buttress may be related to the fracture angle, neck-shaft angle and alignment in the lateral view. This result needs verification in further clinical studies.
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关键词
FNS,Femoral neck fracture,Femoral neck system,Finite element analysis,Negative buttress,Positive buttress
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