A Privacy Protection Framework for Medical Image Security without Key Dependency Based on Visual Cryptography and Trusted Computing

Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience(2023)

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The development of mobile Internet and the popularization of intelligent sensor devices greatly facilitate the generation and transmission of massive multimedia data including medical images and pathological models on the open network. The popularity of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies has greatly improved the efficiency of medical image recognition and diagnosis. However, it also poses new challenges to the security and privacy of medical data. The leakage of medical images related to users’ privacy is emerging one after another. The existing privacy protection methods based on cryptography or watermarking often bring a burden to image transmission. In this paper, we propose a privacy-preserving recognition network for medical images (called MPVCNet) to solve these problems. MPVCNet uses visual cryptography (VC) to transmit images by sharing. Benefiting from the secret-sharing characteristics of VC, MPVCNet can securely transmit images in clear text, which can both protect privacy and mitigate performance loss. Aiming at the problem that VC is easy to forge, we combine trusted computing environments (TEE) and blind watermarking technologies to embed verification information into sharing images. We further leverage the transfer learning technology to abate the side effect resulting from the use of visual cryptography. The results of the experiment show that our approach can maintain the trustworthiness and recognition performance of the recognition networks while protecting the privacy of medical images.
medical image security,visual cryptography,privacy protection framework
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