Soluble Protein Content, Bioactive Compounds and the Antioxidant Activity in Seeds of Ten Rheum tanguticum Lines from Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.

Chemistry & biodiversity(2023)

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Rheum tanguticum (Rh. tanguticum) is a Chinese medicinal plant traditionally used in the treatment of constipation. As a byproduct, the seeds of this plant are rich in nutrients and phytochemicals. This study aimed to determine and assess seed germination ability, seed physical characteristics, soluble protein content, chemical constituents and antioxidant capacity from different breeding lines, to promote the development and utilization of seed resources. Significant differences were observed for the soluble protein content and antioxidant assays among the ten lines. The contents of aloe-emodin, rhein and catechins accumulated in seeds were extremely low and significantly different from those in roots. In contrast, emodin and chrysophanol were abundant in seeds, and significant differences were observed between seeds and roots. It was found that associations between gallic acid and catechins were not significant for either soluble protein or antioxidant capacity. There was a significantly positive correlation between the contents of four anthraquinones (aloe-emodin, rhein, emodin and chrysophanol) and soluble protein. Seeds have potent antioxidative capacity and relatively high levels of soluble protein content. The rich chemical composition of seeds can be widely used in the medical industry for further development.
Qinghai-Tibet Plateau,Rheum tanguticum,anthraquinones,antioxidant activity,soluble protein
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