Information Bottleneck Based Joint Feedback and Channel Learning in FDD Massive MIMO Systems.

Jiaqi Cao,Lixiang Lian


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Channel sate acquisition in frequency-division duplexing (FDD) massive MIMO system is challenging due to the huge feedback overhead. Machine learning (ML) has emerged as a powerful technology to address this challenge. In this paper, we resort to information bottleneck (IB) theoretical principle to design a joint feedback compression, quantization and channel learning algorithm in FDD massive MIMO systems, called IBNet. Compared to the existing ML-based designs, the proposed IBNet can systematically seek for the optimal balance between the channel estimation accuracy and feedback overhead. To automatically learn the feedback compression, a sparsity inducing prior is utilized to sparsify the feature vector, thereby reducing the feedback overhead significantly. Furthermore, to improve the generality of proposed IBNet, we propose an adaptive IBNet, which can adapt to different channel conditions with one neural network. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme significantly reduces the feedback overhead, meanwhile improving the channel estimation accuracy.
adaptive IBNet,channel estimation accuracy,channel learning,channel sate acquisition,FDD massive MIMO systems,feature vector,feedback overhead,frequency-division duplexing massive MIMO system,information bottleneck theoretical principle,joint feedback compression,machine learning,ML-based designs,neural network
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