Greenhouse Gases Monitoring Instrument on GaoFen-5 Satellite-II: Optical Design and Evaluation.

Remote. Sens.(2023)

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The Greenhouse gases Monitoring Instrument on GaoFen-5 satellite-II (GMI-II) uses spatial heterodyne spectroscopy (SHS) for quantitative monitoring of atmospheric greenhouse gases (GHG). Unlike the traditional SHS, the interferometer component of the GMI-II was designed with zero optical path difference offset, effectively improving spectral resolution while maintaining the same detector specifications. The secondary imaging system with non-isometric scaling of spatial and spectral dimensions was designed to decrease the integration time of a frame image or improve the spectral signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) under the same integration time. This paper introduces the design, manufacture, adjustment methods, and test results of the main performance indexes of the GMI-II that indicate that the spectral resolution of the O-2 A-band detection channel is better than 0.6 cm(-1) and other channels are better than 0.27 cm(-1). Under the typical radiance of other carbon monitors' on-orbit statistics, the spectral SNR of the GMI-II is more than 300. These test results demonstrate that the GMI-II can be well adapted to quantitative remote sensing monitoring of atmospheric GHG.
spatial heterodyne spectroscopy,greenhouse gases,signal-to-noise ratio
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