Composite hydrogel based on alginate-g-poly(acrylamide)/carbon nanotubes for solid phase extraction of metals from corn cereal samples.

Emilly C Silva, Charlie G Gomes, Mariana A Vieira,André R Fajardo

International journal of biological macromolecules(2023)

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Composite hydrogels containing nanofillers are extensively applied in the sorption of different compounds from aqueous solutions; however, this ability is poorly exploited in the extraction and pre-concentration of analytes from complex matrices. As a contribution to this field, this study reports the synthesis of a composite hydrogel of alginate-g-poly(acrylamide) matrix filled with functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (ALG-g-PAAM/MWCNT-f). This composite served as a solid-phase extractor (SPE) for the separation of Pb and Cd ions from a digested corn cereal sample before their analytical determination. After composite characterization, a series of experiments using low dosages of ALG-g-PAAM/MWCNT-f demonstrated that the composite has a higher sorption capacity for Pb (5.1 mg/g) and Cd (3.9 mg/g) under favorable experimental conditions. As demonstrated, the presence of the MWCNT-f benefited the SPE performance of the composite. The sorption of both cations followed the pseudo-first order kinetics, while the experimental data were well-fitted by the Freundlich isotherm. Also, ALG-g-PAAM/MWCNT-f showed selectivity for Pb, and it is reusable up to 10 times without losing sorption performance. After sorption and extraction, both metals were completely recovered, facilitating their quantification by the MIP OES technique. In short, ALG-g-PAAM/MWCNT-f was an effective SPE for the separation and extraction of Pb and Cd, which can be beneficial for food control and safety.
Alginate,Analytical methods,Composite materials,Food analysis,Sorption
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