Latent Distribution Adjusting for Face Anti-Spoofing

CoRR(2023)

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摘要
With the development of deep learning, the field of face anti-spoofing (FAS) has witnessed great progress. FAS is usually considered a classification problem, where each class is assumed to contain a single cluster optimized by softmax loss. In practical deployment, one class can contain several local clusters, and a single-center is insufficient to capture the inherent structure of the FAS data. However, few approaches consider large distribution discrepancies in the field of FAS. In this work, we propose a unified framework called Latent Distribution Adjusting (LDA) with properties of latent, discriminative, adaptive, generic to improve the robustness of the FAS model by adjusting complex data distribution with multiple prototypes. 1) Latent. LDA attempts to model the data of each class as a Gaussian mixture distribution, and acquire a flexible number of centers for each class in the last fully connected layer implicitly. 2) Discriminative. To enhance the intra-class compactness and inter-class discrepancy, we propose a margin-based loss for providing distribution constrains for prototype learning. 3) Adaptive. To make LDA more efficient and decrease redundant parameters, we propose Adaptive Prototype Selection (APS) by selecting the appropriate number of centers adaptively according to different distributions. 4) Generic. Furthermore, LDA can adapt to unseen distribution by utilizing very few training data without re-training. Extensive experiments demonstrate that our framework can 1) make the final representation space both intra-class compact and inter-class separable, 2) outperform the state-of-the-art methods on multiple standard FAS benchmarks.
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关键词
latent distribution adjusting,face,anti-spoofing
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