ProgSG: Cross-Modality Representation Learning for Programs in Electronic Design Automation


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Recent years have witnessed the growing popularity of domain-specific accelerators (DSAs), such as Google's TPUs, for accelerating various applications such as deep learning, search, autonomous driving, etc. To facilitate DSA designs, high-level synthesis (HLS) is used, which allows a developer to compile a high-level description in the form of software code in C and C++ into a design in low-level hardware description languages (such as VHDL or Verilog) and eventually synthesized into a DSA on an ASIC (application-specific integrated circuit) or FPGA (field-programmable gate arrays). However, existing HLS tools still require microarchitecture decisions, expressed in terms of pragmas (such as directives for parallelization and pipelining). To enable more people to design DSAs, it is desirable to automate such decisions with the help of deep learning for predicting the quality of HLS designs. This requires us a deeper understanding of the program, which is a combination of original code and pragmas. Naturally, these programs can be considered as sequence data, for which large language models (LLM) can help. In addition, these programs can be compiled and converted into a control data flow graph (CDFG), and the compiler also provides fine-grained alignment between the code tokens and the CDFG nodes. However, existing works either fail to leverage both modalities or combine the two in shallow or coarse ways. We propose ProgSG allowing the source code sequence modality and the graph modalities to interact with each other in a deep and fine-grained way. To alleviate the scarcity of labeled designs, a pre-training method is proposed based on a suite of compiler's data flow analysis tasks. Experimental results on two benchmark datasets show the superiority of ProgSG over baseline methods that either only consider one modality or combine the two without utilizing the alignment information.
electronic design automation,programs,learning,cross-modality
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