CNN Feature Map Augmentation for Single-Source Domain Generalization


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In search of robust and generalizable machine learning models, Domain Generalization (DG) has gained significant traction during the past few years. The goal in DG is to produce models which continue to perform well when presented with data distributions different from the ones seen during training. While deep convolutional neural networks (CNN) have been able to achieve outstanding performance on downstream computer vision tasks, they still often fail to generalize on previously unseen data Domains. Therefore, in this work we focus on producing a model which is able to remain robust under data distribution shift and propose an alternative regularization technique for convolutional neural network architectures in the single-source DG image classification setting. To mitigate the problem caused by domain shift between source and target data, we propose augmenting intermediate feature maps of CNNs. Specifically, we pass them through a novel Augmentation Layer to prevent models from overfitting on the training set and improve their cross-domain generalization. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first paper proposing such a setup for the DG image classification setting. Experiments on the DG benchmark datasets of PACS, VLCS, Office-Home and TerraIncognita validate the effectiveness of our method, in which our model surpasses state-of-the-art algorithms in most cases.
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