FaaSwap: SLO-Aware, GPU-Efficient Serverless Inference via Model Swapping

Minchen Yu,Ao Wang,Dong Chen, Haoxuan Yu, Xiaonan Luo, Zhuohao Li,Wei Wang,Ruichuan Chen, Dapeng Nie,Haoran Yang


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Serverless computing has become increasingly popular for machine learning inference. However, current serverless platforms lack efficient support for GPUs, limiting their ability to deliver low-latency inference. In this paper, we propose FaaSwap, a GPU-efficient serverless inference platform. FaaSwap employs a holistic approach to system and algorithm design. It maintains models in main memory and dynamically swaps them onto GPUs upon request arrivals (i.e., late binding), thereby enabling a large number of inference functions to efficiently share a node's GPUs. FaaSwap uses various techniques, including asynchronous API redirection, GPU runtime sharing, pipelined model execution, and efficient GPU memory management, to achieve the optimal performance. We also develop an interference-aware request scheduling algorithm that allows FaaSwap to meet the latency SLOs for individual inference functions. We have implemented FaaSwap as a prototype on a leading commercial serverless platform. Experimental evaluations demonstrate that, with model swapping, FaaSwap can concurrently serve hundreds of functions on a single worker node with 4 V100 GPUs, while achieving inference performance comparable to native execution (where each function runs on a dedicated GPU). When deployed on a 6-node production testbed, FaaSwap meets the latency SLOs for over 1k functions, the maximum that the testbed can handle concurrently.
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