Quantitative monitoring of dissolved gases in a flooded borehole: calibration of the analytical tools

SSRN Electronic Journal(2023)

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Gas monitoring is a prerequisite to understanding the exchange, diffusion, and migration processes of natural gases within underground environments, which are involved in several applications such as geological sequestration of CO2. In this study, three different techniques (micro-GC, infrared, and Raman spectroscopies) were deployed on an experimental flooded borehole for monitoring purposes after CO2 injection. The aim was to develop a real-time chemical monitoring device to follow dissolved gas concentrations by measurements in water inside the borehole but also at the surface through a gas collection system in equilibrium with the borehole water. However, all three techniques must be calibrated to provide the most accurate quantitative data. For this, a first step of calibration in the laboratory was carried out. A new calibrations were required to determine partial pressure and/or concentrations of gases in water or in the gas collection system. For gas phase analysis, micro-GC, FTIR spectroscopy, and Raman spectroscopy were compared. New calibration of the micro-GC was done for CO2, CH4, and N-2 with uncertainty from +/- 100 ppm to 1.5 mol% depending on the bulk concentration and the type of gas. The FTIR and Raman spectrometers were previously calibrated for CO2, and CO2, N-2, O-2, CH4, and H2O, respectively with an accuracy of 1-6% depending on concentration scale, gas and spectrometer. Dissolved CO2 in water was measured using a Raman spectrometer equipped with an immersion probe. The uncertainty on the predicted dissolved CO2 concentration and partial pressure was +/- 0.003 mol.kg(-1) and +/- 0.05 bar, respectively.
flooded borehole,dissolved gases,calibration
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