Efficient and Effective Algorithms for Generalized Densest Subgraph Discovery.

Proc. ACM Manag. Data(2023)

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The densest subgraph problem (DSP) is of great significance due to its wide applications in different domains. Meanwhile, diverse requirements in various applications lead to different density variants for DSP. Unfortunately, existing DSP algorithms cannot be easily extended to handle those variants efficiently and accurately. To fill this gap, we first unify different density metrics into a generalized density definition. We further propose a new model, c-core, to locate the general densest subgraph and show its advantage in accelerating the searching process. Extensive experiments show that our c-core-based optimization can provide up to three orders of magnitude speedup over baselines. Moreover, we study an important variant of DSP under a size constraint, namely the densest-at-least-k-subgraph (DalkS) problem. We propose an algorithm based on graph decomposition, and it is likely to give a solution that is at least 0.8 of the optimal density in our experiments, while the state-of-the-art method can only ensure a solution with density at least 0.5 of the optimal density. Our experiments show that our DalkS algorithm can achieve at least 0.99 of the optimal density for over one-third of all possible size constraints.
effective algorithms,discovery
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