Posture-related fluctuations of intraocular pressure in healthy children with suspicion of glaucoma

Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology(2023)

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Purpose Currently, there are no specific data on the circadian course of intraocular pressure (IOP) in children, especially for IOP measurements in the supine position. The study aimed to characterize the diurnal and nocturnal IOP fluctuations in supine and sitting positions in patients less than 18 years of age. Methods Seventy-nine eyes of 79 patients under 18 years of age with suspicious optic nerve heads or ocular hypertension could be included in this study. All included patients showed an inconspicuous retinal nerve fiber layer thickness and Bruch’s membrane minimum rim width by coherence tomography. IOP measurements during the 24-h IOP profile were retrospectively evaluated. Measurements were taken at 10:00, 16:00, 20:00, and 23:00 h in the sitting position and at 6:00 h in the morning in the supine position using iCare rebound tonometry on 2 consecutive days. Results Thirty-four of 79 children (43.0%) had peak nocturnal IOP values > 25 mmHg. The mean daily IOP was 18.8 ± 5.6 mmHg, and the mean daily fluctuation was 6.1 ± 4.0 mmHg. At 6 am, supine measurements were elevated to 25.1 ± 8.0 mmHg. Extensive fluctuations with values > 40 mmHg in the nocturnal supine measurement occurred in a relevant share of patients ( n = 5). Conclusion There appear to be relevant diurnal and nocturnal IOP fluctuations in healthy children (< 18 years). Nocturnal IOP measurements in supine patients with risk factors for glaucoma may provide important additional information to identify critical patients for further follow-up.
Intraocular pressure,Glaucoma,Posture-related,Children,Rebound tonometry
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