Fabricating carbon quantum dots of graphitic carbon nitride vis ultrasonic exfoliation for highly efficient H2O2 production

Ultrasonics Sonochemistry(2023)

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A promising and sustainable approach for producing hydrogen peroxide is the two-electron oxygen reduction reaction (2e– ORR), which uses very stable graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4). However, the catalytic performance of pristine g-C3N4 is still far from satisfactory. Here, we demonstrate for the first time the controlled fabrication of carbon quantum dots (CQDs)-modified graphitic carbon nitride carbon (g-C3N4/CQDs-X) by ultrasonic stripping for efficient 2e– ORR electrocatalysis. HRTEM, UV–vis, EPR and EIS analyses are in good consistent which prove the in-situ generation of CQDs. The effect of sonication time on the physical properties and ORR activity of g-C3N4 is discussed for the first time. The g-C3N4/CQDs-12 catalyst shows a selectivity of up to 95% at a potential of 0.35 V vs. RHE, which is much higher than that of the original g-C3N4 catalyst (88%). Additionally, the H2O2 yield is up to 1466.6 mmol g−1 in 12 h, which is twice as high as the original g-C3N4 catalyst. It is discovered that the addition of CQDs through ultrasonic improves the g-C3N4 catalyst's electrical conductivity and electron transfer capability in addition to its high specific surface area and distinctive porous structure, speeding up the reaction rate. This research offers a green method for enhancing g-C3N4 activity.
Graphitic carbon nitride,Ultrasound,Two-electron oxygen reduction,Hydrogen peroxide preparation
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