Piezoelectric polarization coupled with photoinduced catalytic oxidation technology for environmental pollution control: Recent advances and future prospects

Guanqiao Li,Tiehong Song,Yanjiao Gao, Qiyuan Deng, Yi Jiang, Shenggang Yang

The Science of the total environment(2023)

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摘要
Energy scarcity and environmental pollution concerns have become substantial impediments to sustainable global economic development. The advent of semiconductor photocatalysis technology provides a potential possibility for effectively alleviating excessive energy consumption and maintaining the long-term stability of the aqueous ecosystem. However, the inefficient transmission efficiency of charge carriers and the high recombination rate of photogenerated electron-hole pairs will culminate in the mediocre catalytic performance observed in conventional semiconductor materials. Fortunately, the piezo-photocatalysis ingeniously integrates the piezoelectric properties of piezoelectric crystals with the optoelectronic properties of semiconductors, thus building a theoretical system of photo-electric-chemical three-phase coupled catalysis. Currently, the photo-mechanical energy synergistic catalytic oxidation degradation process, as a cutting-edge technology based on clean renewable energy, has been perceived as a promising environmental remediation strategy. Herein, a critical review of the application of piezo-photocatalysis in environmental pollution control was delivered. We undertook a comprehensive analysis to elucidate the underlying enhancement mechanism of the piezoelectric effect on photocatalysis in terms of charge migration dynamics and pertinent energy band bending phenomena. In addition, we meticulously summarized diverse innovative methods for introducing vibration energy in piezo-photocatalytic degradation systems (ultrasound, fluid mechanical energy, airflow, self-assembled reactors, etc.). Then, state-of-the-art research advances in the field of environmental pollution control and the corresponding environmental decontamination mechanisms were elaborated based on various integration modes of catalysts (single component, noble metal deposition, heterojunction, coupled substrate materials, etc.). Eventually, an in-depth assessment of current limitations and development trends of piezo-photocatalytic degradation technology has been proposed, along with proactive strategies aimed at surmounting the existing challenges.
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关键词
Photocatalysis,Piezoelectric polarization,Built-in electric field,Bi-piezoelectric integration,Mechanical vibration input,Organic contaminant degradation
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