Carbon quantum dots-containing poly(-cyclodextrin) for simultaneous removal and detection of metal ions from water

Carbohydrate Polymers(2024)

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摘要
This study investigates the synthesis and characterization of supramolecular composites composed of poly (beta-cyclodextrin-co-citric acid) and carbon quantum dots (QDs). These composites serve a dual purpose as ad-sorbents and photoluminescent probes for divalent metal ions, including Ni(II), Cu(II), Cd(II), and Pb(II), which can have detrimental effects on the environment. Various characterization techniques were employed to confirm the successful synthesis of the composites and the interaction between cyclodextrins and QDs. By using math-ematical tools, optimal conditions for metal adsorption were determined, resulting in the composites exhibiting high adsorption capacities, reaching 220 mg/g, and impressive removal efficiencies exceeding 90 % for Ni(II) and Cu(II). The supramolecular composites also exhibit selective adsorption of metal ions with small ionic radio and can be reused with minimal loss of efficiency. In addition to their adsorption capabilities, these composites display luminescence quenching upon the adsorption of metal ions, which can be utilized for sensing applica-tions. Spectroscopic evaluation reveals Stern-Volmer quenching constants for the accessible fraction of QDs in the range of 3777 to 13,359 M-1. The high stability of QDs on the composites allows for long-term storage. In summary, this original supramolecular composite shows promise for simultaneously monitoring and treating water and wastewater, making it a valuable tool in environmental applications.
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关键词
Poly(cyclodextrins),Carbon dots,Supramolecular composites,Metal ions,Adsorption,Sensing
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