Theoretical design of superhard twinned BC2N

SCRIPTA MATERIALIA(2024)

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摘要
BC2N is an ideal combination of diamond and boron nitride and is expected to exhibit better mechanical properties and thermal stability than boron nitride and diamond, respectively. Recent studies raise exciting prospects of building coherent nanotwinned boundaries to improve performance of ceramics. Herein, we developed a systematic method to construct twin structures of BC2N. The newly identified nanotwinned BC2N variant (tau-BC2N) exhibits better energetic stability and higher mechanical strength than single-crystal BC2N, attributed to the optimized bonding behavior and crystal orientations induced via twinning. The simulated X-ray diffraction patterns of tau-BC2N match those reported in previous experimental data. The nanotwinned BC2N displays superior Vickers hardness of -140 GPa, surpassing that of diamond. The computationally tailored approach and results obtained by twin-strengthening strategies offer powerful insights for the rational design and functional optimization of nanotwinned boron-carbon-nitrogen compounds containing intricate multiatomic constituents and structures.
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关键词
Twin boundary,First principles,Superhard materials,BC2N
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