SLED: Structure Learning based Denoising for Recommendation

ACM TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION SYSTEMS(2024)

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摘要
In recommender systems, click behaviors play a fundamental role in mining users' interests and training models (clicked items as positive samples). Such signals are implicit feedback and are arguably less representative of users' inherent interests. Most existing works denoise implicit feedback by introducing external signals, such as gaze, dwell time, and "like" behaviors. However, such explicit feedback is not always routinely available, or might be problematic to collect on a large scale. In this paper, we identify that an interaction's related structural patterns in its neighborhood graph are potentially correlated with some outcome of implicit feedback (i.e., users' ratings after consuming items), analogous to findings in other domains such as social networks. Inspired by this finding, we propose a novel Structure LEarning based Denoising (SLED) framework for denoising recommendation without explicit signals, which consists of two phases: center-aware graph structure learning and denoised recommendation. Phase 1 pre-trains a structural encoder in a self-supervised manner and learns to capture an interaction's related structural patterns in its neighborhood graph. Phase 2 transfers the structure encoder to downstream recommendation datasets, which helps to down-weight the effect of noisy interactions on user interest modeling and loss calculation. We collect a relatively noisy industrial dataset across several days during a period of product promotion festival. Extensive experiments on this dataset and multiple public datasets demonstrate that the proposed SLED framework can significantly improve the recommendation quality over various base recommendation models.
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关键词
Recommender system,implicit feedback,user-item graph,structure learning,denoise
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