Incidence and risk factors for exudative retinal detachment following laser photocoagulation for retinopathy of prematurity

RETINA-THE JOURNAL OF RETINAL AND VITREOUS DISEASES(2024)

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摘要
Purpose: Exudative retinal detachment (ERD) may result from laser photocoagulation for retinopathy of prematurity. Although risk factors have been hypothesized from case reports, comparative studies have not been reported. We sought to evaluate risk factors for ERD following laser, comparing affected and unaffected infants. Methods: Retrospective cohort study of infants undergoing retinopathy of prematurity laser at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia over 6 years. All received near-confluent laser of avascular retina. Demographic, medical, and procedural risk factors for ERD were evaluated in univariate analysis because of the rarity of ERD. Results: Among 149 lasered infants, 6 infants (4%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.5%8.6%) developed ERD. Race was a significant risk factor (P = 0.01). Among 71 African American or Hispanic infants, 6 (8.5%, 95% CI 3.2%17.5%) developed ERD. Among 78 nonAfrican American or Hispanic infants, 0 (0%, 95% CI 0%4.6%) developed ERD. There were no significant differences in the other studied factors. Conclusion: Exudative retinal detachment was uncommon (4%) following retinopathy of prematurity laser. Despite so few cases, darker pigmented race with likely increased pigmented fundi was significantly associated with an increased ERD risk. Further study may reveal whether increased choroidal pigment causes greater laser tissue damage or makes it difficult to discern the ora, resulting in inadvertent lasering of the ciliary body, leading to ERD.
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关键词
choroidal melanin,exudative retinal detachment,photocoagulation,race,retinopathy of prematurity
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