Statistical Comparison of Substructures in Pure Aluminum Before and After Creep Deformation, Based on EBSD Image Data

Microscopy and microanalysis : the official journal of Microscopy Society of America, Microbeam Analysis Society, Microscopical Society of Canada(2023)

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摘要
Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) images of extruded pure aluminum were statistically analyzed to investigate creep-induced subgrain structures after applying two different levels of creep stress, corresponding to the power law (PL) and power-law breakdown (PLB) regimes. Kernel average misorientation analysis of EBSD measurements revealed 2D morphologies, which were subdivided by a multi-step segmentation procedure into subgranular arrangements. Various descriptors were employed to characterize the "subgrains" quantitatively, including their size, shape, spatial arrangement, and crystallographic orientation. In particular, the analysis of the orientations of subgrains was conducted by neglecting rotations around the loading axis. This approach facilitated the individual investigation of the {001} and {111} subgrain families with respect to the loading axis for two investigated stress levels plus a reference specimen. For the PL regime, the statistical analysis of subgrain descriptors computed from segmented image data revealed a similar degree of strain accumulation for {111} and {001} subgrains. In contrast, for the PLB regime, the analyzed descriptors indicate that {111} subgrains tend to accumulate significantly more strain than {001} ones. These observations suggest that the mechanisms leading to PLB may be associated with strain localization dependent on intergranular stress, hindering the recovery process within {111} grains.
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