Removal of propranolol by membranes fabricated with nanocellulose/ proanthocyanidin/modified tannic acid: The influence of chemical and morphologic features and mechanism study

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL MACROMOLECULES(2024)

引用 0|浏览1
暂无评分
摘要
Polymer-based membranes containing nanocellulose and natural macromolecules have potential to treat water, however few works have associated the changes in chemical and morphological membrane's features with their performance as adsorbent. Herein, a new green composite based on nanocellulose (NC) and alkylated tannic acid (ATA) and cross-linked with proanthocyanidin was produced and incorporated into polyacrylonitrile (PAN) membranes to eliminate propranolol (PRO) from water. Characterizations revealed that the increasing of NCATA content reduced the pore size of the membrane's upper surface and made the finger like structure of the sublayer disappear, due to the formation of hydrophilic domains of NC/ATA which speeds up the external solidification step. The presence of NC-ATA reduced the hydrophilicity, from a water contact angle of 3.65 degrees to 16.51 degrees, the membrane roughness, from 223.5 to 52.0 nm, and the zeta potential from -25.35 to -55.20 mV, improving its features to be a suitable adsorbent of organic molecules. The membranes proved to be excellent green adsorbent, tridimensional, and easy to remove after use, and qmax for PRO was 303 mg center dot g- 1. The adsorption mechanism indicates that H-bonds, ion exchange, and 7C-7C play important role in adsorption. NC-ATA@PAN kept high removal efficiencies after four cycles, evidencing the potential for water purification.
更多
查看译文
关键词
Water purification,Adsorption,Green composite,Polyacrylonitrile,Emergent pollutants
AI 理解论文
溯源树
样例
生成溯源树,研究论文发展脉络
Chat Paper
正在生成论文摘要