Study on the mechanism of the difference in flotation performance between fine-grained crystalline SiO2 and amorphous SiO2

PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROBLEMS OF MINERAL PROCESSING(2023)

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摘要
Numerous minerals found in nature contain silica, including quartz, cristobalite, opal, etc. They have the same chemical composition but different crystal structures, and this phenomenon is called "polymorphism" in mineralogy. For these polymorphic and multi-like minerals, in the flotation process, will it directly or indirectly affect the flotation effect. Based on this, this study mainly explores the difference between crystalline SiO2 and amorphous SiO2 in flotation. In this study, two crystal forms of SiO2 were subjected to flotation and adsorption capacity tests. FTIR, other test techniques, the chemical calculation of the flotation solution, and the theoretical calculation of the DLVO can all be used to provide an explanation. Finally, in the flotation experiment, the feedbacks of the two minerals to the change of the pH value of the pulp and the change of the concentration of the reagent are different. Through the comprehensive analysis of the adsorption capacity test and semi-quantitative calculation of the infrared spectrum, the adsorption capacity of crystalline SiO2 to drugs is about 23% higher than amorphous SiO2. Furthermore, during the flotation process, the amorphous SiO2 particles will agglomerate together and entrain into the foam through, resulting in concentrate pollution. So amorphous SiO2 will undoubtedly increase the difficulty of flotation.
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关键词
flotation separation, heteromorphism, infrared spectrum calculation, DLVO theory
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