Relating early-age hydration and flow loss of mortar prepared with manufactured sand

CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS(2024)

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摘要
Cement-based materials prepared with manufactured sand can exhibit quick loss of fluidity. However, the estimation of the flow loss remains difficult given the variable contents and physiochemical properties of the microfines in various sands. This paper studies the fluidity loss of mortar mixtures made with different manufactured sands varying in mineral composition and content of microfines. The effect of microfines on accelerating the early-age hydration of cement before the deceleration period was evaluated by quantifying the generation of early hydration products. Test results show that the growth of yield stress corresponding to the loss of mini-slump flow of mortar mixtures were mainly determined by the formation of early hydration products, in addition to the volume fraction and packing density of aggregate grains and powder particles. An approach was then proposed that can assess the loss of mini-slump flow of mortar mixtures prepared with manufactured sand, regardless of the type and content of the microfine materials in the sand.
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关键词
Manufactured sand,Microfines,Yield stress,Isothermal calorimetry,Cumulative heat
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