Investigations on correlations between changes of optical tissue properties and NMR relaxation times

Maximilian Aumiller, Asmerom Arazar,Ronald Sroka,Olaf Dietrich, Adrian Ruehm


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Background: Accurate light dosimetry is a complex remaining challenge in interstitial photodynamic therapy (iPDT) for malignant gliomas. The light dosimetry should ideally be based on the tissue morphology and the individual optical tissue properties of each tissue type in the target region. First investigations are reported on using NMR information to estimate changes of individual optical tissue properties. Methods: Porcine brain tissue and optical tissue phantoms were investigated. To the porcine brain, supplements were added to simulate an edema or high blood content. The tissue phantoms were based on agar, Lipoveneous, ink, blood and gadobutrol (Gd-based MRI contrast agent). The concentrations of phantom ingredients and tissue additives are varied to compare concentration -dependent effects on optical and NMR properties. A 3-tesla wholebody MRI system was used to determine T1 and T2 relaxation times. Optical tissue properties, i.e., the spectrally resolved absorption and reduced scattering coefficient, were obtained using a single integrating sphere setup. The observed changes of NMR and optical properties were compared to each other. Results: By adjusting the NMR relaxation times and optical tissue properties of the tissue phantoms to literature values, recipes for human brain tumor, white matter and grey matter tissue phantoms were obtained that mimic these brain tissues simultaneously in both properties. For porcine brain tissue, it was observed that with increasing water concentration in the tissue, both NMR-relaxation times increased, while mu a decreased and mu s' increased at 635 nm. The addition of blood to porcine brain samples showed a constant T1, while T2 shortened and the absorption coefficient at 635 nm increased. Conclusions: In this investigation, by changing sample contents, notable changes of both NMR relaxation times and optical tissue properties have been observed and their relations examined. The developed dual NMR/optical tissue phantoms can be used in iPDT research, clinical training and demonstrations.
Optical properties,Absorption,Scattering,NMR relaxation times,Interstitial photodynamic therapy
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