Scattering Mechanism Analysis of Large Vertical Cylindrical Structure in Polarimetric SAR Images

IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS(2024)

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摘要
Large vertical cylindrical structure is an important type of structure in polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (PolSAR) images. Objects with this structure, such as oil tanks, granaries, and rotor sails, attract much attention in multiple fields. Before detecting these targets with these structures, scattering mechanism analysis and feature extraction are necessary prerequisite steps. However, due to the lack of scattering mechanism analysis and characterization for such structures, traditional feature extraction methods, such as polarimetric decomposition methods, usually fail to distinguish these targets. In this letter, according to high-frequency approximation theory, the scattering mechanism of large vertical cylindrical structure with finite radius and height is analyzed. The coherency matrix of this structure with multiple pixels is derived further for scattering characterization. The model is called vertical cylindrical dihedral model (VCDM), which is further introduced into a polarimetric decomposition method for feature extraction. Experiments prove that the model can describe the scattering mechanism of large vertical cylindrical structure accurately. Besides, the feature extraction method can effectively extract features for large vertical cylindrical structures in PolSAR images, which helps detect targets with this kind of structures.
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关键词
Large vertical cylindrical structure,polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (PolSAR) image,scattering mechanism
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