Multi-granularity-Aware Network for SAR Ship Detection in Complex Backgrounds

IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters(2024)

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Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) is a vital tool for ship detection, as it acquires high-resolution remote sensing images when optical images cannot penetrate. However, two primary challenges confronting SAR ship detection are complex backgrounds with islands, clutter, and land, as well as diverse scales of ship targets, particularly small ones, leading to numerous missed detections and false alarms. To overcome these challenges, we propose a multi-granularity-aware network (MGA-Net). Specifically, we design a multi-granularity hybrid feature fusion module (MGHF2M) to extract more representative local detail and global semantic information, enhancing the model’s capability to represent ship features to adapt to complex backgrounds. In addition, we design a multi-granularity feature synergy enhancement module (MGFSEM), which uses depthwise separable convolutions with different kernel sizes to extract features at different granularities and retain the original features, significantly improving the model’s representation of ship features at different scales. Experimental results show that our MGA-Net achieves the highest mAP and F1-score, surpassing eight advanced methods on three public datasets.
Ship detection,multi-granularity,complex backgrounds,synthetic aperture radar (SAR)
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