In-Context Learning for Few-Shot Nested Named Entity Recognition

CoRR(2024)

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摘要
In nested Named entity recognition (NER), entities are nested with each other, and thus requiring more data annotations to address. This leads to the development of few-shot nested NER, where the prevalence of pretrained language models with in-context learning (ICL) offers promising solutions. In this work, we introduce an effective and innovative ICL framework for the setting of few-shot nested NER. We improve the ICL prompt by devising a novel example demonstration selection mechanism, EnDe retriever. In EnDe retriever, we employ contrastive learning to perform three types of representation learning, in terms of semantic similarity, boundary similarity, and label similarity, to generate high-quality demonstration examples. Extensive experiments over three nested NER and four flat NER datasets demonstrate the efficacy of our system.
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关键词
Few-Shot learning,Named entity recognition,In-context learning,Language model
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